Are you aware of what is considered normal vital signs for your canine companion? Here are a few important ones for you to note:
100 – 102.5 F
Lubricate a digital thermometer with petroleum jelly and gently insert into rectum and listen for beep.
20-40 breaths per minute
Watch the chest cavity while the dog is at rest, calmly lying on the floor or standing. Please note respiratory effort (normal, labored, noisy, etc.).
Puppy (under 1 year): 120-160 beats per minute
Small dog adult (under 30 lbs.): 100-140 beats per minute
Medium-Large dog adult (over 30 lbs.): 60-100 beats per minute
Place your hand on left side of chest or the inner thigh of rear leg and count the number of beats for 15 seconds and multiply by four.
Abnormal: Blue, brown, dark red, yellow, very pale or white
Check the gums, tongue or inner eyelids for color.
Capillary Refill Time
Normal: 1- 2 seconds
Gently but firmly press your finger on the gums so they blanch, or turn white, then remove your finger. Note the amount of time it takes for color to return to gums.
Normal: The skin on scruff of neck should snap back into place immediately after releasing it. Gums and tongue are slick and moist.
Lift the skin on the scruff of neck and release. Check mucous membranes, gums and tongue.